Endometriosis is a female disease that can cause pain and in exceptional cases can even lead to infertility. We have listed a number of things that are useful to know about endometriosis.
If uterine mucus ends up outside the uterine cavity during menstruation, it is usually cleared by your body. In some women this does not happen and it can then develop into one of a total of three different endometriosis forms.
Each form has a specific pattern of complaints, such as abdominal and intestinal pain, problems with sex, difficult bowel movements, fatigue and reduced fertility. But in one form or another, it's almost always cycle-bound. The pain comes on before or during your period.
Several complaints of endometriosis at a glance
Do you have the above complaints? Then it may be wise to have yourself examined. Thus, endometriosis can be detected or excluded. The examination consists of an internal examination and, if necessary, an ultrasound can be made afterwards.
With this, the two most serious forms of endometriosis can almost always be detected or excluded with certainty. But the less severe, superficial endometriosis cannot be detected with this examination. The mild form can be detected with keyhole surgery and can even be treated immediately, but it is often not worth it, because the spots reappear after a menstrual period.
The contraceptive pill can provide relief. Swallowing the pill in particular can be a smart method. Then you do not menstruate, you do not lose blood and you therefore have fewer or no complaints. The Mirena IUD can also sometimes help. There are also medicines, but they are quite intense. Do you have any complaints? Go to your GP and possibly be referred to a gynaecologist to find the best solution for you.
• your mother or sister has endometriosis.
• you started menstruating at a very young age.
• you are late in the menopause.
• you have not yet been pregnant.
• your cycle is short so you menstruate often.